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物联网智能时代信息集中 大数据安全尤为重要

2014年11月25日

物联网时代的来临让人们得以见识到一个越来越聪明的城市,这个城市运行的主体不再是大量的人力,而转化成为机器与机器的交流,是大量的数据在控制整个城市的稳定运行。随着云计算技术的高速发展,数据的整合越来越密集,越来越庞大。未来,整个世界的运行核心可能只是一个盒子,而这盒子里面装的是海量数据。届时数据安全会影响整个世界的发展。

(一)、大数据防护宁可麻烦不能偷懒

大数据规模庞大,控制范围广泛,极易成为黑客攻击的目标,在数据没得到整合之前,黑客攻击某一服务器所获得的只是某一个企业或个人的信息资产,但在大数据时代,黑客攻击某个云端服务器成功之后,就可能获取了整个城市的资源信息,甚至是更大的收获。在安全防护方面,大数据的防护方式应该更为多层,哪怕会引发操作上的麻烦也不应省略。

(二)、大数据应杜绝单一存储

即使不被攻击,大量的数据集合在一起稍有不慎就可能引发设备系统奔溃,由此带来的将是大量数据遗失,相关企业的高额经济损失,严重的将直接造成企业破产。现如今,企业发展已经离不开大规模数据堆积。所以大数据的存储绝对不能集中单一化,应实行多层次备份存储,以保证一出发生故障还有另一处数据提取来挽救危机。

(三)、不能绝对依靠相信大数据

由于大数据的精准可信让人们尝到了甜头,获得了人们的信任。但就像人类的大脑一样,存储记忆大量的数据难免会出现遗忘和混乱等“宕机”状态。大数据由海量随机序列号组成,一个微小的符号改变都可能引发蝴蝶效应影响结果的正确性,而在人们觉得大数据绝对可信的时候,这无疑成了致命威胁。所以,大数据应有特定的监测验证系统以提升使用准确性。

大数据的特点就是大规模抓取,源头杂乱,所以存在许多的不可预测性,当然,我们不能因为可能存在的隐患而拒绝发展,但我们可以防患于未然,将风险尽量降低到可以接受的范围。智能化时代发展过于迅速,威胁无法完全杜绝,只有合理配备应急方案,才能在危险真正发生时,将其迅速控制。

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